Trainers should be aware that is illegal to have in their possession prescription medicines (whether veterinary or human) that have not been properly prescribed; or unregistered veterinary chemical products.
In addition, LR 194 Holding of Drugs (added Sept 07) states:
A person who holds or controls drugs unlawfully or which are labelled or without supporting prescription is, if those drugs are capable of being administered to a horse, guilty of an offence.
Prescription Medicines include:
These Prescription Medicines must be:
In addition to the registered label these Prescription Medicines must be labelled by the veterinarian or pharmacist with, as a minimum, the information contained in Appendix A.
VCPs are substances that are supplied or used for administration to an animal, by any means, as a way of:
VCPs that fulfil any of the above criteria should be registered with the Australian Pesticides and Veterinary Medicines Authority (APVMA). Accordingly, they must be sold with an APVMA registered label affixed to the product container and its packaging. Such labels always show an APVMA approval number in the following form: 50675/10/0705 (as an example).
Trainers are urged to examine their stable medications and correctly dispose of Prescription Medicines not properly prescribed, unregistered medicines and medicines beyond their expiry date.
The veterinarian’s or pharmacist’s label must be attached to the actual immediate container in which the medication is supplied i.e. the bottle rather than the cardboard box surrounding the bottle. If multiple bottles are supplied then each must be appropriately labelled.
These are usually medicines labelled S4 and include antibiotics, most anti-inflammatory agents, corticosteroids (oral or injectable); bronchodilators; injectable local anaesthetics; topical skin preparations containing antibiotics and/or corticosteroids; tranquilisers and anabolic steroids.
Drugs are complex, sensitive chemicals which deteriorate under certain conditions, for example, when exposed to excessive heat or light. They should be kept under recommended conditions i.e. refrigerated; kept in a cool dark place; etc
Even when stored under optimal conditions drugs deteriorate. They should be disposed of when they exceed their expiry date.
Drugs are potent and their use can have legal implications. On occasion, adverse reactions, including death of the animal can result.
Trainers are urged to seek professional advice when using drugs to reduce the possibility that ill-judged administrations will cause of breach of the rules.
Trainers are reminded that herbal remedies and medicines, including those obtained over-the-counter at a pharmacy, may contain Prohibited Substances. Trainers are strongly advised to avoid their use because the constituents of many of these preparations are unlisted or unknown. Specific examples of preparations that should be avoided include guarana, kava and valerian.