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Breeding horses is a specialised activity, requiring extensive knowledge about the breed of horse itself and the different components of breeding, from inception right the way through until the weaning and early education stages.

Horses are only able to have one foal per year with the gestation period for a mare being approximately 11 months.

Thoroughbred Breeding

All Western Australian Thoroughbred breeders, along with all foals and breeding horses, are required to be registered with the Australian Stud Book.

Founded in 1878, the Australian Stud Book’s purpose is to ensure the integrity of Thoroughbred breeding in Australia.

The Australian Stud Book is a founding member of the International Stud Book Committee, comprising of nine world stud book authorities. The purpose of the International Stud Book Committee is to establish standards of Stud Book operation that will ensure the integrity and future development of the Thoroughbred breed and provide the foundation necessary for a healthy international thoroughbred industry.

Any horse born from 2003 onwards can now be identified throughout its entire life from the microchip number or from the set of brands.

The combination of microchipping, freeze branding and DNA testing places the Australian Thoroughbred identification system ahead of any other in the world. 

Thoroughbred horses are bred via live cover and no form of artificial insemination (AI) is allowed.

Although they’re all born on different days, Thoroughbreds are assigned their official birthday as the 1st of August. 

For more information regarding the Rules of the Australian Stud Book click here.


Standardbred Breeding

All Western Australian breeders who wish to use their premises as a ‘Stud’ for the breeding of Standardbreds are required to hold a RWWA Studmaster license. Any persons wishing to operate as an artificial breeding station must apply for an Artificial Breeding Technicians license.

Standardbred horses can be bred either by live cover or artificial insemination (AI) which allows the use of frozen semen from Stallions in different states or even countries. Each mare will have one foal a year, with the occurrence of twins extremely rare. 

All Standardbreds celebrate their official birthday on 1st September, even though they can be born on other dates following.

For more information regarding Australian Standardbred breeding, click here.



When educating a horse, the aim is to develop a trusting relationship where the person and the horse have a mutual respect for one another.



Training and racing regimes must be sympathetic to the developmental and physiological adaptive processes of the young horse.

Off The Track _ Landing Page


Retired Thoroughbred and Standardbred racehorses adapt very well to alternative lifestyles, particularly equestrian activities.


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